Rostov the Great (not to be confused with Rostov-on-the-Don, which is in southern Russia), is one of the best-preserved old Russian towns, home of the extraordinary Rostov Kremlin and Cathedral, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
A small town of 30,000, it is a comfortable 3 hour train ride north-east of Moscow.
This short video gives an idea of the town. More detailed information follows below.
Rostov is about 126 miles (202 km) north of Moscow, Russia. It is located in the Yaroslavl Oblast. It is one of the most ancient towns in Russia, and is part of the Golden Ring. Rostov is located on the shores of Lake Nero. According to the 2010 census, Rostov has a population of 31,792.
While the official name of the town is Rostov, it is also known to Russians as Rostov Veliky, which means “Rostov the Great”. This name is used to distinguish it from Rostov-on-Don, which is a large city in southwest Russia.
Rostov the Great has a typical temperate continental climate, where residents can fully experience all four seasons. Locals enjoy the comfortable, warm summers and the beautiful, snowy winters. Tourists are often pleased to find that Rostov has a climate comparable to Denver, Chicago, and Cleveland.
The winter weather in Rostov begins in about November and usually goes on for five months, into spring. The coldest month of the year is typically January, with an average temperature of 10 °F.
The springtime months usually have low precipitation. From the end of March into April, there is often a thaw, and much of the ice and snow melts to reveal foliage underneath. Temperatures in April often reach 70 °F.
Summers in Rostov are typically wet with some heavy rainstorms. The summer often reaches its hottest point during the months of June and July, with an average daily temperature of 74 °F, and often days over 85 °F.
From September begins the two-month-long fall, with high humidity, fewer sunny days, and unpredictable temperatures (it is possible to first see ground frost in September).
On average, Rostov receives 23 inches of precipitation per year. The wettest month is July with over 3 inches of rain, and the driest months are usually February and March.
Rostov the Great offers free education for resident children.
Public schools and private schools are both available, at no cost to parents. Rostov has two private Christian schools available, and both are tuition-free.